The National Council for Higher Education and Research (NCHER), which will subsitute existing regulators such as University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and will cover all streams of higher education except medical and agriculture. This single independent body in place of multiple higher education regulators has been approved by Union Cabinet.
The council will be 70 member body have representation from states and for professional bodies to decide on policy issues. The NCHER Bill proposes to have an 11 member executive committee to execute the decisions of the council.
The draft bill provide mandate to the council to bring reforms in higher education for setting up quality institutions across India with an aim to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio to 30 % by 2020 from 20 % in 2010.
The council is expected to shift from multiple approval based approach to self-regulation based on accreditation. The new council would also prescribe academic and research quality norms from a university to a college for accreditation purpose.
The council will also disburse the budget for higher education to institutions based on based on performance, in place of the existing demand driven practice. It will have powers to decide the curriculum of different streams of higher education and research.